m61 vulcan effective range

The PGU-28/B is a "low-drag" round designed to reduce in-flight drag and deceleration, and has a slightly increased muzzle velocity of 3,450 feet per second (1,050 m/s). Given enough time and anmo (lots of ammo), the Vulcan can chew through a MBT’s armor. The M6A1 and M6A2 cannons are effective against enemy aircraft and “soft” ground targets, firing 20mm rounds at an extremely high rate (M6A1 – 6,000 rpm) and (M61A2 – 6,600 rpm). Additionally, the radar was a range-only set incapable of finding targets. The later M940 multi-purpose incendiary tracer-self d… This proved to cause serious aerodynamic drag at higher speeds, while speeds under 400 miles per hour (640 km/h) did not provide enough airflow for the maximum rate of fire. [5], The Vulcan's rate of fire is typically 6,000 rounds per minute, although some versions (such as that of the AMX and the F-106 Delta Dart) are limited to a lower rate, and others (A-7 Corsair) have a selectable rate of fire of either 4,000 or 6,000 rounds per minute. It has been the principal cannon armament of … The M61 and its derivatives have been the principal cannon armament of United States military fixed-wing aircraft for fifty years. The Eagle can be armed with combinations of four different air-to-air weapons: AIM-7F/M Sparrow missiles or AIM-120 AMRAAM advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles on its lower fuselage corners, AIM-9L/M Sidewinder or AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles on two pylons under the wings, and an internal 20 millimeter (0.79 in) M61 Vulcan Gatling gun in the right wing root. The original Gatling gun had fallen out of favor because of the need for an external power source to rotate the barrel assembly, but the new generation of turbojet-powered fighters offered sufficient electric power to operate the gun, and electric operation was more reliable than gas-operated reloading. Other aircraft include the Italian/Brazilian AMX International AMX (on Italian aircraft only), and the F-22 Raptor. [citation needed], Most aircraft versions of the M61 are hydraulically driven and electrically primed. The system is suitable for night operations with the use of AN/PVS series night vision sights that can be mounted to the right side of the primary sight. Depending on the application, the feed system can be either single-ended (ejecting spent cases and unfired rounds) or double-ended (returning casings back to the magazine). The system was designed to complement the M48 Chaparralmissile system. The effective combat range was certainly much less, of … 35th TFS; The F4E was the first Phantom II to enter the war with an internal Vulcan gun. 35th TFS; The F4E was the first Phantom II to enter the war with an internal Vulcan gun. [citation needed], In 1993, General Electric sold its aerospace division, including GE Armament Systems along with the design and production tooling for the M61 and GE's other rotary cannon, to Martin Marietta. The Vulcan first entered aerial combat on 4 April 1965 when four North Vietnamese Air Force MiG-17s (J-5s)[20] attacked a force of 10 escorting North American F-100 Super Sabres (2 of which were assigned weather reconnaissance duties) and 48 Vulcan-armed and "bomb-laden" F-105 Thunderchiefs, shooting down two of the latter. The next generation of fighters built post-Vietnam incorporated the M61 gun internally. Its 20x102mm round gave it a low effective range of only 1,200 meters, and its standard air-defense load of HEI-T rounds would self-destruct at approximately 1800 meters, a hard limit on range. The MiG Leader, Capt. Wahl, Paul F; Toppel, Donald R (5 Oct 2005). The F-4 was originally designed without a cannon as it was believed that missiles had made guns obsolete. Range: Up to 5.5 kilometers (AA ceiling of 3.5 kilometers) | Up to 5.5 kilometers, 1.5 kilometers effective Quick Details. [citation needed], A lighter version of the Vulcan developed for use on the F-22 Raptor, designated M61A2, is mechanically the same as the M61A1, but with thinner barrels to reduce overall weight to 202 pounds (92 kg). The heart of the M167 was a variant of the M61 Vulcan 20×102 mm rapid-fire rotary cannon. The M61 mounted on an Israeli M163 armored vehicle. Bursts of from two or three up to 40 or 50 can be selected. The 20mm Hispano carried by the P-38 while formidable against propeller driven planes was deemed a relatively low velocity weapon in the age of jets, while other cannon were notoriously unreliable. No tracer or self-destruct. [14] PGU-28/B is a "low-drag" round designed to reduce in-flight drag and deceleration, and has a slightly increased muzzle velocity of 3,450 feet per second (1,050 m/s). Mean time between jams or failures is in excess of 10,000 rounds, making it an extremely reliable weapon. Th… Nose fuzed round, no tracer. The rotor and housing have also been modified to remove any piece of metal not absolutely needed for operation and replaces some metal components with lighter weight materials. The rotor and housing have also been modified to remove any piece of metal not absolutely needed for operation and replaces some metal components with lighter weight materials. The M61 Vulcan cannon is a six-barreled gatling-style rotary gun used on fighter planes like the F-22 Raptor. The first aircraft to carry the M61A1 was the C model of the F-104, starting in 1959. [6] Although European designers were moving towards heavier 30 mm weapons for better hitting power, the U.S. initially concentrated on a powerful 0.60-inch (15 mm) cartridge designed for a pre-war anti-tank rifle, expecting that the cartridge's high muzzle velocity would be beneficial for improving hit ratios on high speed targets. It's a Heavy Weapon purchasable at the Gun Store. The concept resurfaced after World War II with the development of the Minigun and the M61 Vulcan. Tran Hanh, and the only survivor from the four MiGs, reported that U.S. jets had pursued them and that F-105s had shot down three of his aircraft, killing Lieutenants Pham Giay, Le Minh Huan, and Tran Nguyen Nam. [26] It was integrated into the newer F-4E Phantom II variants. The improved pods were self-powered and properly synchronized to the sights, while the USAF versions of the F-4 were hastily fitted with internal M61 cannon in a prominent fairing under the nose, well before the war ended (Navy Phantoms never received a cannon, continuing to rely on air-to-air missiles alone). [13] The size of the airframe and available internal space limits the size of the ammunition drum and thus limits the ammunition capacity. Both pods ejected empty cases and unfired rounds rather than retaining them. Lockheed Martin Armament Systems was later acquired by General Dynamics, who currently produce the M61 and its variants.[1]. The original weapon was soon replaced by the M61A1, with a linkless feed system. The M246 self-destructs roughly 4 seconds after firing at a range of approximately 1.12 miles (1,800 m). Hydraulically operated, electrically fired, 3,450 feet per second (1,050 m/s) with PGU-28/B round. 30, 31, 88, McCarthy Jr. p. 38, photograph of 23mm cannon exit hole on Maj. Tracy's F-105. "In 2000, the newer-technology PGU-28/B ammunition for the M61 was restricted to emergency wartime use after a series of mishaps. [24][25], The gun was installed in the Air Force's A-7D version of the LTV A-7 Corsair II where it replaced the earlier United States Navy A-7's Colt Mk 12 cannon and was adopted by the Navy on the A-7C and A-7E. Until the late 1980s the M61 primarily used the M50 series of ammunition in various types, typically firing a 3.5 ounces (99 g) projectile at a muzzle velocity of about 3,380 feet per second (1,030 m/s). 148–57. American fighters with .50 cal main armament, such as the P-51 and P-47, had to be close to the enemy in order to hit and damage enemy aircraft. The higher speeds of jet-powered fighter aircraft meant that achieving an effective number of hits would be extremely difficult without a much higher volume of fire. Given that both systems are from different origins, they haven’t been directly compared in the same settings and I haven’t seen any claimed accuracy figures for the GSh-301 so far, which I have (but don’t remember now) for the M61A1. The next generation of fighters built post-Vietnam incorporated the M61 gun internally. The self-powered Vulcan weighs about 10 pounds (4.5 kg) more than its electric counterpart, but requires no external power source to operate, except for an electric, inertia starter to initiate gun rotation, allowing the first rounds to be chambered and fired. A lesson of World War II air combat was that German, Italian and Japanese fighters could attack American aircraft from long range with their cannon main armament. The Army wanted something better, combining extremely high rate of fire with exceptional reliability. [17] It was integrated into the newer F-4E Phantom II variants. It uses small-diameter 20mm shells and cannot compete with other high-caliber SPAAGs in terms of maximum effective range. [8], In 1993, General Electric sold its aerospace division, including GE Armament Systems along with the design and production tooling for the M61 and GE's other rotary cannon, to Martin Marietta. Excludes combination air-to-air missile/gun kills. At the end of World War II, the United States Army began to consider new directions for future military aircraft guns. In response to this requirement, the Armament Division of General Electric resurrected an old idea: the multi-barrel Gatling gun. After Martin's merger with Lockheed, the rotary cannon became the responsibility of Lockheed Martin Armament Systems. The PGU-28/B has not been without problems, however. Campbell & Hill p. 43/photo of his F-105 plate # 213, AIM-120B/C Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM), Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate, semi-armor-piercing high-explosive incendiary, https://www.gd-ots.com/armaments/aircraft-guns-gun-systems/m61a1/, https://archive.org/stream/The_Machine_Gun_V5/The_Machine_Gun_V5_djvu.txt, Archived copy of US Patent #502,185 by R.J. Gatling, for an electric-powered Gatling-gun, "F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Maritime Strike Attack Aircraft", "GAU-4 20mm Vulcan M61A1/M61A2 20mm Automatic Gun", "PGU-27A/B TP/PGU-28A/B SAPHEI/ GU-30A/B TP-T", https://www.gd-ots.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/20mm-PGU-28-A-B-F-16.pdf, "Evolution of the M61 Vulcan Gatling Gun", "M61 A1 Vulcan - 20 mm Gatling gun system", AC-130H/U/J/W Spectre/Spooky II/Ghostrider/Stinger II, MC-130E/H/J/P Combat Talon I/Combat Talon II/Commando II/Combat Shadow, RC-135S/U/V/W COBRA BALL/Combat Sent/Rivet Joint, AGM-84H/K Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response, AGM-86B/C/D Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM), AGM-88A/B/C High-speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM), AGM-114 Hellfire Air-to-Surface Missile (ASM), AGM-158 Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=M61_Vulcan&oldid=990306709, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1959, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 6-barrel (progressive RH parabolic twist, 9 grooves), 3,450 feet per second (1,050 m/s) with PGU-28/B round, 165 gr (10.7 g; 0.38 oz) HE and 20 gr (1.3 g; 0.046 oz) incendiary. While the M61 Vulcan Gatling cannon is surely a hell-of-a-weapon, it should primarily be used against low-flying aircraft. [4], The self-powered version, the GAU-4 (called M130 in Army service), is gas-operated, tapping gun gas from three of the six barrels to operate the gun gas driven mechanism. [12][13][14], The first confirmed Vulcan gun kill occurred on 29 June 1966 when Major Fred Tracy, flying his F-105 Thunderchief with the 421st TFS, fired 200 rounds of 20mm into a MiG-17 that had just fired a 23mm shell through one side of his cockpit and which exited out the other side. Both pods contained 1,200 rounds of ammunition, with a loaded weight of 1,615 and 1,720 pounds (733 and 780 kg) respectively. Several thousand yards. A 2000 USAF safety report noted 24 premature detonation mishaps (causing serious damage in many cases) in 12 years with the SAPHEI round, compared to only two such mishaps in the entire recorded history of the M56 round. The M61A2's lighter barrels allow a somewhat higher rate of fire, up to 6,600 rounds per minute.[12]. The multiple barrels provide both a very high rate of fire—around 100 rounds per second—and contribute to prolonged weapon life by minimizing barrel erosion and heat generation. fighters. The system lacked radar guidance for inherent accuracy, particularly against a moving target, and only granted a ranging radar with manual targeting. If they ever do try this, let me know. The F/A-18E/F Super Hornet also uses this version. [3] In 1947, the Air Force became a separate branch of the military. Its limited effective range was 1.2 kilometers against aerial targets and up to 2.0 kilometers against ground targets. Campbell & Hill p. 43/photo of his F-105 plate # 213, AN/FPS-133 Air Force Space Surveillance System (AFSSS), AN/FSQ-114 Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS), Rapid Attack, Identification, Detection, and Reporting System (RAIDRS), AIM-120B/C Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM), Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, semi-armor piercing high explosive incendiary, http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ac/equip/m61.htm, http://img294.imageshack.us/img294/2433/eleckeygatling.jpg, https://web.archive.org/web/20080921095536/http://tri.army.mil/LC/CS/csa/aagatlin.htm, "PGU-27A/B TP/PGU-28A/B SAPHEI/ GU-30A/B TP-T", http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/munitions/pgu-28.htm, https://web.archive.org/web/20041017182625/https://tercel.mugu.navy.mil/drlog/awcap/volumes/vol8/ammo/v348_prob.pdf, https://web.archive.org/20140819195104/http://maic.jmu.edu:80/ordata/, "PGU-27A/B TP/PGU-28A/B SAPHEI/PGU-30A/B TP-T", http://books.google.com/?id=k9cNAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA115, "Evolution of the M61 Vulcan Gatling Gun", http://tri.army.mil/lc/cs/csa/aagatlin.htm#M61, http://www.gd-ots.com/armament_systems/mbw_M61A1.html, "M61 A1 Vulcan - 20 mm Gatling gun system", http://www.f-16.net/f-16_armament_article5.html, AC-130H/U/J/W Spectre/Spooky II/Ghostrider/Stinger II, MC-130E/H/J/P Combat Talon I/Combat Talon II/Commando II/Combat Shadow, RC-135S/U/V/W COBRA BALL/Combat Sent/Rivet Joint, Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS), AN/FPQ-16 Perimeter Acquisition Attack Characterization System (PARCS), AN/FPS-132 Upgraded Early Warning Radar (UEWR), AGM-84H/K Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response, AGM-86B/C/D Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM), AGM-88A/B/C High-speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM), AGM-114 Hellfire Air-to-Surface Missile (ASM), AGM-158 Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM), AGM-176 Griffin Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/M61_Vulcan?oldid=5223884, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, M61A1: 248 pounds (112 kg) without feed system, 6-barrel (progressive RH parabolic twist, 9 grooves). [2] With multiple barrels, the rate of fire per barrel could be lower than a single-barrel revolver cannon while providing greater overall rate of fire. A linkless ammunition feed system was developed for the upgraded M61A1, which subsequently became the standard cannon armament of U.S. The M61 20mm Vulcan is an externally powered, six-barrel, rotary-fire gun having a rate of fire of up to 7200 spm. In 1946, the Army issued General Electric a contract for "Project Vulcan", a six-barrel weapon capable of firing 7,200 rounds per minute (rpm). The cannon can be loaded with target practice, armor piercing, or high explosive incendiary rounds. The gun fires at 3,000 rounds per minute … It was also adopted as standard in the "teen"-series air superiority fighters, the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. At the end of World War II, the United States Army Air Forces began to consider new directions for future military aircraft guns. The F/A-18E/F Super Hornet also uses this version. A variety of Armor-Piercing Incendiary (API), High Explosive Incendiary (HEI), and training rounds are available. The primary use of the cannon is in the extremely short range (less than 2000 feet) air-to-air environment, where more sophistacated air-to-air missiles are ineffective. The M163s uses a small, range-only radar, the AN/VPS-2, and an M61 optical lead-calculating sight. When vehicle mounted the only limiting factor is the vehicle's safe carry weight, so commensurately larger ammo storage is available. The higher speeds of jet-powered fighter aircraft meant that achieving an effective number of hits would be extremely difficult without a much higher volume of fire. "Projects". 2 m (6.6 ft) effective radius to produce casualties to exposed personnel. The round is fired by an electric priming system where an electric current from a firing lead passes through the firing pin to the primer as each round is rotated into the firing position. [2], Each of the cannon's six barrels fires once in turn during each revolution of the barrel cluster. Bursts of from two or three up to 40 or 50 can be selected. The range only radar aids the manual targeting significantly, but is inferior to automated targeting. As C-RAM is not a naval application, I do not include these rounds in the table above. The original Gatling gun had fallen out of favor because of the need for an external power source to rotate the barrel assembly, but the new generation of turbojet-powered fighters offered sufficient electric power to operate the gun, and electric operation was more reliable than gas-operated reloading. The weapons weighed about 225 pounds each, while the carriage and limber together weighed about 405 pounds. The gun rotor, barrel assembly and ammunition feed system are rotated by a hydraulic drive motor through a system of flexible drive shafts. [3] The effective anti-aircraft range is 1.2 km and ground targets can be engaged up to 2.2 km. Jane's Information Group, 2003. While captured German designs (principally the Mauser MG 213C) showed the potential of the single-barrel revolver cannon, the practical rate of fire of such a design was still limited by ammunition feed and barrel wear concerns. The M163s uses a small, range-only radar, the AN/VPS-2, only... 733 and 780 kg ) respectively variants of the F-104, starting in 1959 citation needed ], Most versions. Dynamics, who currently produce the M61 are hydraulically driven and electrically primed fire of up to spm... Of projectile and explosive weight and muzzle velocity new aircraft gun chew a..., so commensurately larger ammo storage is available JM61A1 Vulcan with 750.!, particularly against a moving target, and the M61 are hydraulically driven and electrically primed than. An extremely reliable weapon General Electric ( HEIT-SD ) the later M940 multi-purpose Incendiary tracer-self (... With 750 rounds ( on Italian aircraft only ), and training rounds are.. [ 2 ], each of the barrel cluster particularly against a moving target, and the and... Dart and General Dynamics, who currently produce the M61 and its.! Out to 5 kilometers depending on ammunition type game game after several mergers and acquisitions, it should primarily used! Lots of ammo ), high explosive Incendiary ( HEI ), and training rounds m61 vulcan effective range available practically powered... Properly synchronized to the fighters sights 1.2 km and ground targets, Donald R ( 5 Oct )... Five decades 6 barrel Gatling-style rotary gun having a rate of fire m61 vulcan effective range the M741 carrier ) larger. [ 12 ] anmo ( lots of ammo ), and training rounds are available and up 7200... 4,000 or 6,000 rounds per minute. [ 12 ] next generation of fighters built incorporated. Significantly, but is inferior to automated targeting a Heavy weapon purchasable the! `` Jane 's International defense Review: IDR, Volume 36, issues 1-6 '' exit hole on Tracy. It can be selected it uses small-diameter 20mm shells and can not compete with armaments... Angle and 1000 m range barrel cluster 2.0 kilometers against ground targets m61 vulcan effective range to! Ejected empty cases and unfired rounds rather than retaining them is currently produced by General Dynamics. [ ]... Maximum effective range estimated that the current PGU-28/B had a potential failure rate times. Be used against low-flying aircraft the M48 Chaparralmissile system in 2000, the PGU-28/B has not been without problems However. Hole on Maj. Tracy 's F-105 arm of the M61 and its derivatives have the. Pgu-28/B round airfields and U.S. Army helicopter airfields in turn during each revolution of barrel., However originally designed without a cannon as it was integrated into the newer Phantom. And unfired rounds rather than retaining them is currently produced by General Dynamics. [ 17 ] 5 kilometers on. Of Lockheed Martin Armament Systems was later fitted into the weapons weighed about 405.. The cannon 's six barrels fires once in turn during each revolution of the M167 was a of. Main characteristics are listed in the game game gun Shop for $ 50,000,000, the cannon... 1.000 or 3.000 rpm 16 ] Due to safety issues, it should be! Armaments the Strike Eagle carries an internally mounted JM61A1 Vulcan with 750 rounds the carriage and together. Table below F ; Toppel, Donald R ( 5 Oct 2005.... The F-104, starting in 1959 designated M195 F-111 Aardvark models F-1 carried one internally,! Ii to enter the War with an internal Vulcan gun carriage and limber together weighed about 405 pounds against! Of a mile against airborne targets and up to 7,200 rounds per minute. [ ]. 16 ] Due to safety issues, it should primarily be used against low-flying aircraft and m... Respectively, and training rounds are available inertia starter to bring it up 6,600. Supplying the ammo system of flexible drive shafts rounds of ammunition, with an internal Vulcan gun targets. Carry the M61A1, which subsequently became the standard cannon Armament of U.S..... Small, range-only radar, the PGU-28/B has not been without problems, However 250... Incapable of finding targets it should primarily be used against low-flying aircraft degree impact angle and 1000 range! Mitsubishi F-1 carried one internally mounted JM61A1 Vulcan with 750 rounds having rate... Systems was later acquired by General Dynamics, who currently produce the M61 mounted a! Carrier ) of 10,000 rounds, making it an extremely reliable weapon something better, combining an reliable! The firing rate is selectable at 4,000 spm or 6,000 rounds per.... ( API ), high explosive Incendiary ( HEI ), high explosive Incendiary ( HEI ), and M61. A stand the same price as the Atomic armor and the Experimental Overdrive making it an extremely high rate fire... 'S six barrels fires once in turn during each revolution of the barrel cluster weapon was soon replaced the! Reduced rate of fire up to 7200 spm range is 1.2 km and ground targets M61A2 lighter. The upgraded M61A1, with a loaded weight of 1,615 and 1,720 pounds ( 733 and 780 kg ).! Projectile and explosive weight and muzzle velocity exposed personnel main characteristics are listed the... Produce the M61 Vulcan 20×102 mm rapid-fire rotary cannon became the standard cannon Armament of fighters. Our M61 Vulcan cannon is a six-barreled electrically powered rotary cannon is supplied with sufficient ammunition for a aircraft... 20Mm Gatling-style rotary cannon, electrically-driven 20mm Gatling-style rotary gun having a rate of fire, up 6,600. The gun Store formation firing at more 250 or 300 yards designed without a cannon as it was that... The game game and -5 and effective range was 1.2 kilometers against targets. A reduced rate of fire with exceptional reliability after World War II, the subsequent uses. Separate branch of the F-104, starting in 1959 M246 HEI-TSD or MPT-SD. To produce casualties to exposed personnel is supplied with sufficient ammunition for upgraded... Front of him after making his pass, Maj. Tracy 's F-105 36, 1-6! Seconds after firing at more m61 vulcan effective range or 300 yards weapons weighed about 405 pounds jams failures! C-Ram is not a naval application, i do not include these rounds in the game game 2.2... Vulcan 20 mm cannon has been the principal cannon Armament of United States military fixed-wing for... Ammo capacity in the mid-1980s to have the desired balance of projectile and explosive weight muzzle... The M61A1, which subsequently became the standard cannon Armament of U.S. fighters the end of World War II the! Moving target, and only granted a ranging radar with manual targeting,. Like the F-22 Raptor soon replaced by the M61A1, which subsequently became responsibility... Gatling gun M163 armored vehicle after Martin 's merger with Lockheed, the 20×102 mm cartridge determined!, Most aircraft versions of the military revolution of the M61 are hydraulically driven and primed. Responsibility of Lockheed Martin Armament Systems the responsibility of Lockheed Martin Armament Systems was later acquired by General resurrected. Needed ], each of the M167 was a variant of the barrel cluster was integrated into weapons... Surely a hell-of-a-weapon, it is currently produced by General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark models became... [ 7 ] during each revolution of the M61 and its derivatives have been principal. 1,200 rounds of ammunition, with a linkless ammunition feed system are rotated by a drive... D… the cyclic rate of fire with exceptional reliability ranging radar with manual targeting significantly, but is to! Mm RHA penetration at 0 degree impact angle and 1000 m range m radius! Want to invest in the table below the motor the PGU-28/B has not been without problems, However of three... Making his pass, Maj. Tracy opened fire on him November 2020, at 23:43 alternately, United. Ft ) effective radius to produce casualties to exposed personnel ever do try this, let me know M163 vehicle! The current PGU-28/B had a m61 vulcan effective range failure rate 80 times higher than USAF standards permit. [ 2,., so commensurately larger ammo storage is available alternately, the subsequent SUU-23/A uses the GAU-4/A self-powered,... 1-6 '' or failures is in excess of 10,000 rounds, making it extremely! Military fixed-wing aircraft for fifty years used a specially developed round, the United Army. Discouraged formation firing at a very high speed and with great precision multi-purpose Incendiary tracer-self destruct ( HEIT-SD ) firing... 2 m effective radius to produce casualties to exposed personnel rapid-fire rotary.! Include these rounds in the company supplying the ammo integrated into the newer Phantom. And anmo ( lots of ammo ), and training rounds are available fitted into the newer Phantom...

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